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ISSN 1378-286X

Table of Contents and Abstracts

How is the Concept of Resilience Operationalised in Practice with Vulnerable Children?
Daniel, B., Vincent, S., Farrall, E., & Arney, F.

Increasing emphasis is being placed on the concept of resilience in policy and practice relating to vulnerable children and their families yet little is known about how, and to what extent, the concept is actually being operationalised in child and family services. This article presents the findings from a study which aimed to analyse the ways in which `resilience' as a concept is shaping practice in settings that explicitly espouse a resilience-led framework. The study included a UKbased and an Australian component, to allow for international comparisons and contrasts in the use of resilience as a concept in practice. The findings from a survey of 201 practitioners (108 in the UK; 93 in Australia) and 32 case studies (18 in the UK; 14 in Australia) are presented and considered in the light of the existing resilience literature in order to gauge the extent of congruence between practice as described and the principles indicated by the existing literature.

Characteristics and Sociolabour Insertion of Young People after Residential Care
Roca,J.S., Biarnes, A.V., Garcia, M.1., & Rodriguez, M.

This study aims to determine the situation of young people after residential care. The directors of 36 finalist residences that care for young people who will come of age in the same center were interviewed. Residence directors gave information about 143 young people who left the center between 2 and 5 years earlier when they came of age, and who had not been diagnosed with mental deficiency. Most of the young people entered the residence after they were 12 years old due to family negligence. The young people scored highest for autonomy and lowest for emotional regulation. Competences were found to be related to the cause of protection. Half of the sample were emotionally unstable and had not graduated from high school. After leaving the foster residence, a third of the young people went to live with their family, and another third went to live in assisted flats. Girls tend to live with their partners more than boys; and boys tend to live with their family more than girls. 65.7% of the young people received work training but only 59.9% worked, most of them in jobs that don't need qualifications. 30.4% of girls became mothers at a young age. The implications of the data are discussed in the article.

How do New Mothers who were exposed to Child Maltreatment Parent? A Canadian Feasibility Study
Bennett, L.M., Hall, G.B.C., Schmidt, L.A., Steiner, M., & MacMillan, H.L.

The primary objective of this study was to identify challenges in the identification of the sample, enlistment and recruitment of participants, and the feasibility of measures examining parenting in new mothers with a history of maltreatment in childhood. Participants were thirty first-time mothers, unselected for maltreatment history, and their three-month-old infants. We examined mothers' own history of child maltreatment in relation to emotional well-being, maternal warmth and sensitivity, and neuroendocrine activity in both mother and child. Mothers who reported experiencing maltreatment in childhood scored higher on self-reported Eysenckian psychoticism and rated their infants higher on distress to limitations than did mothers who did not report maltreatment in childhood. Mothers higher on emotional well-being exhibited greater decrease in salivary cortisol and reported more smiling and laughter in their infants. Feasibility issues are examined that stand to inform the design of future studies on a larger scale.