Help keep CYC-Net open-access to everyone! Donate, Subscribe or Advertise now.
CYC-Net

JOIN THE CYC-Net DISCUSSION GROUP

Can't find what you're looking for?

Discussion Threads

Transcripts of some of the discussions on CYC-Net's email discussion group

Impact of violence on children's development?

2016

Hi there,

I am wondering if others in the CYC-Net discussion group can help answer the following question for our group in CYC 205 - Applying Change Theories in CYC Practice at the University of Victoria?

Here is our question:

What are the greatest complications in a child's emotional and cognitive development where violence has been present in their home?

Thank you,

Jana Schulz
...

Hi Jana,

The areas I see emotionally and cognitively impacted by violence in the home are trust, confidence and self sabotage. Not being able to form a trusting relationship with others/self impacts ones willingness/confidence to try. If one does try they choose to fail on their terms during the process.

Be well.

Charlene

Safety has been compromised.

Peter Hoag
...

Hello Jana,

The most prevalent psychological impact of violence in the home on children is PTSD, externalizing problems especially related to peer relations (aggressiveness, hyperactivity, conduct problems more so in boys) internalizing problems (particularly with girls but affecting both boys and girls), school problems (truancy, poor peer relations), low self esteem and multiple others.

Some good resources:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213408001348  (a review)

https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=GcEgAQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=impacts+of+domestic+violence+children+book&ots=RwaE6ITH4j&sig=92-RyaMBDUXyO3ZGPUKtHiN3kC0#v=onepage&q=impacts%20of%20domestic%20violence%20children%20book&f=false (a book)

https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=yI8oeHuQZyoC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=impacts+of+domestic+violence+children+book&ots=mFfZ6zB6EM&sig=1DjuXYBDYnUvigqjKymmkzu6FgU#v=onepage&q=impacts%20of%20domestic%20violence%20children%20book&f=false (a book - children's perspectives)

Hope this helps,

Delphine Amer

Hello,
Please see the link to an article by Stephen Porges. His body of work explains the Polyvagal Theory and how trauma and high risk environments, including violence affects our nervous system.

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9875935&fileId=S1035077215000127

I recommend looking at the Childhood Trauma Academy, Bruce Perry’s work for a detailed answer to your question. http://childtrauma.org/

Cheers,

Deanna
...

Hi everyone,

Dr. Ungar, referenced below, is the Scientific Director of the CYCC Network. You can check out reports, including one on best practices for supporting young people exposed to violence, at the following link: http://www.cyccnetwork.org/cycc-reports/

Cheers,
Lisa
...

Hi Everyone,

Here is another resource that you might find useful: https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/issue/view/752

This is a link to a special issue on the topic that can be downloaded and shared.

If I can be of any help locally, just let me know.

Cheers,

Sibylle

I would also check into

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) studies. Extensive and in depth research on impacts.

Michael Ungar's work for a Canadian perspective.

You also may want to contextualize your research and look at systemic issues that lead to inter-generational trauma and have roots in racist policies towards FN/M/I peoples. Locating adverse impacts just in the family can lead one to mislabel the source, roots and ultimately the solutions.

Rick Kelly


This is an area that Martin Teacher out of Harvard researches this extensively. He has several published articles. Here is a link to an older posting

 http://dana.org/Cerebrum/2000/Wounds_That_Time_Won’t_Heal__The_Neurobiology_of_Child_Abuse/

The Trauma Centre at JRI (founded by Bessel van der Kolk) also has a wealth of resources on the topic posted on their website with the majority of recent research emphasizing the detrimental impact neurologically of psychological and emotional abuse. http://www.traumacenter.org/products/publications.php

They truly have a wealth of research in relation to trauma and are holistic in their approach.

I hope this helps!

Lori Gill
...

There is a plethora of research available on this subject.

Lorraine
...

Hi Jana,

This is a fairly well researched topic in the psychology literature. Two significant longitudinal pieces to consider at the ACE study of Filletti et al and the Minnesota Long term study into risk and adaptation

http://www.acestudy.org/

http://www.cehd.umn.edu/icd/research/parent-child/

I also include the two publications below since they include Canadian authors

Daniels J, Frewen P, McKinnon M, Lanius R. Default mode alterations in PTSD related to early life trauma: a developmental perspective. J Psychiatry Neurosci (Epub ahead of print Nov 1, 2010)

https://www.amazon.ca/Treating-Trauma-Survivor-Essential-Trauma-Informed/dp/0415810981/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1459980236&sr=8-1&keywords=treating+the+trauma+survivor -written by Canadian clinicians this has implications for working with children of all ages in a non pathologizing context. There is a discussion in this book on the outcomes of adverse experience which range from neurological, emotional and cognitive, and beyond.

Happy reviewing,

Rochelle
_____ 

THE INTERNATIONAL CHILD AND YOUTH CARE NETWORK (CYC-Net)
Registered Non-Profit and Public Benefit Organisation in the Republic of South Africa (031-323-NPO, PBO 930015296)

P.O. Box 23199, Claremont 7735, Cape Town, South Africa
207 L'ile de Belair, Rosemere, Quebec, J7A 1A8, Canada

Board of Governors  •  Constitution  •  Funding  •  Site content and usage  •  Privacy Policy   •   Contact us

REPORT SITE ISSUES

CYC-Net

Google Play iOS App Store